STUDY OF THE ORGANIZATION OF INFORMATION IN LIBRARIES OF THE STATE TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN YOBE STATE-NIGERIA
1Dr. Ahmad Haj Hamid M.A., Dr. Muhammad Elbakheit Yousif Ata elmnnan
and 3Muhammad Bello Danladi (CLN)
1&2 Department of Library and Information Science, University Of Gezira, Sudan
3Department of Library, Federal College of Education (Technical) Potiskum, Yobe State, Nigeria

 

ABSTRACT
This research focuses on the utilization of information resources in Yobe State tertiary institutions in Nigeria. The issue that requires consideration is how these resources are organized to fill the information needs of users. Three research questions were considered to gather data. The sample size of the study was 394 based on values from Yamane (1967) formula. Thus, a total number of 394 questionnaires were distributed among students in the six State Tertiary Institutions. But, all the library staff were considered because their number was small (73). The findings revealed as obtained in table 3 that majority of the students, representing 59. 8% was getting the needed materials when they searched by themselves that is, without catalogue. From the findings of the study, it was observed that, even though resources and some major services were available, patronage was generally low. It is thus recommended that the catalogue should respond to various user approaches. Efforts should be made to ensure that all entries in the catalogue correspond with what is on the shelves. In addition, the institution should employ adequate library staff in both quantity and quality. These categories of staff in the library are essential in ensuring that available resources and services are effectively utilized by readers.
Keywords: Academic Library, organization and utilization of information resources.

INTRODUCTION
The right information provided when it is needed, and where it is needed, improves the ability of an individual, a business, a government agency, or some other kind of organization to make informed decisions. The library may provide information to help to solve one’s immediate practical problems in daily life and work. Adeyoyin (2011) defines library as a collection of books, printed or written, including audio-visual materials such as magnetic tapes, phonograph-records, films, and slides arranged in a systematic and consistent manner to allow for easy access to and location of individual items either for loan, reference or study. Information is the pivot on which the survival of the society rests. It remains the major ingredient in taking decision and assists in reducing the degree of uncertainty. Daniel (2007), observed that, most powerful and developed nations of the world today are what they are by the virtue of the information they possess and utilize. For a nation to achieve maximum development, all the available resources would have to be carefully mobilized and utilized. This, of course, includes information from libraries. The fourth law of Ranganathan, (In: Nwalo, 2003) says “Save the time of the reader” that is; libraries must have the objective of saving the time of the reader. The entire journey of librarianship is about devising, designing, and developing methods, systems of organization and dissemination of information to provide the best service to their readers in the most efficient, accurate, and effective manner and thus saving the reader's time. The main objective of any library should be that the user who enters library for a specific purpose should not leave empty handed. At the same time, it must also ensure that the users' valuable time is not wasted in searching for material.

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