Dr. Imaobong M. Akpan

Department of Social Studies

Akwa Ibom State College of Education, Afaha Nsit, Nigeria

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Security is a promoter of national development. Sustainable development cannot be achieved without peace and security in any nation. Enforcing peace and adequate security involves a wide range of efforts by different actors in government and civil society at the community, national, international levels to address the primary causes of violence and ensure that people are free from fear of humiliation, war and conflicts. This paper, therefore, highlights peace and security as a panacea for sustainable national development in Nigeria.


Keywords:- Peace, Security, Development.



Peace and security is known all over the world as a basic condition for sustainable national development. The increasing interaction of societies on a world wide scale demonstrates the overall need for peace and security. Adebayo and Rashid (2004) opined that there is a consensus among scholars that there is a linkage between failure in governance, national transformation, Sustainable development, insecurity and conflict. Nigeria is a country enriched with abundant human and mineral resources which when properly harnessed and equitably distributed would promote sustainable national development.

           In the past years, there has been unrest in the country beginning from the militancy in the Niger Delta, the gaps in our political democratic system and the failure of Nigerian leaders to meet with the people’s needs,desires and hopes. Francis (2006 as cited in Ebrim, Mbaji and Iwuozor 2012:2) stated that “high level of corruption among government or political office holders, violation of human rights, regional and sectional injustice prevalent in the country have created room for aggressive tendencies, violence, conflicts, crime and general insecurity in the nation”. The effects of these have led to a retrogressive trend of the economy and failure in sustainable national development agenda.

          Madu and udezo (2010:3) pointed out in this comment that: The feeling of estrangement of Nigerians in their home land is a source of worry to all patriotic Nigerians. If it is not the problem of Niger Delta, it is that of North-South dichotomy, or that of the minority group with the majority group or that of UtaAzu (back stabbing) of fellow Nigerians by their kits and kins or that of bastardization or scourge of democracy in the nation.

          It is important to mention that Nigeria has been a member of African unity peace and security council (AUPSC) responsible for addressing conflicts in various parts of the world but unable to boost peace and stability in her nation. For instance, the incessant killings in the Northern part of Nigeria by a religious sect called “Boko Haram” amidst kidnapping, corruption, unemployment amongst others are on the increase. How then can sustainable national development be achieved in an ambience of such vices? This question poses a problem that has to be addressed. It is possible that if adequate peace and security strategies are engaged, the issue of insecurity to sustainable national development in Nigeria would be culped, hence, the need for this study.

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