INTRODUCTION
Maritime transportation is as old as time itself, it existed before the Nigerian State, way before railways were constructed for railway transport or planes were invented for air transport and roads were constructed for land transport (Onyeabor 2018). It conveyed the Portuguese, French, Germans and British colonial administrators into Africa through the seas for commercial transactions, thus, it is the mainstay of world trade and globalization (Basil 1966).Maritime transportation is the movement of goods and persons by sea through ocean vessels, ferries, boats, ship and barges for trade, leisure and military purposes. In Nigeria, contemporary maritime transportation started in 1892 with the Elder Dempster’s first ship called the “Fore runner”, it was used to export agricultural produce like cocoa, groundnuts and palm oil as sources of foreign exchange earnings for the country (Ekpo 2012; Igberi 2013). In recent years, it is facilitated by Nigeria’s navigable inland waterways, direct access to the Atlantic Ocean, economic dependence on the exportation of raw materials, importation of machinery, equipment, finished goods and functional Seaports. Olusegun (2020) opined that the exploitation, exploration and marketing-related activities of European missionaries and business practitioners through maritime transportation obliged the establishment of Seaports in Nigeria. A seaport is a terminal facility that accommodates the shipping needs for a ship, boat, badge or ocean vessel (Nwaogbe, Pius, Abduljeli, Alharahsheh 2020). These shipping needs include; berthing places, facilities and equipment for effective and efficient cargo handling, maintenance and management of all maritime transportation operations. Consequently, the performance of a seaport depends on its ability to fulfill the shipping needs of its customers (ferries, boats, calling ships and post users) consistently, efficiently and effectively. The saying; “ no man is an island” applies to nations as well, Nigeria as a developing economy does not have the capacity to adequately promote its international trade without maximizing Seaports’ infrastructure as her economic development is dependent on it (Munim & Schramm 2018). Hence, without maritime transportation and optimum Seaport performance it would have been impossible for Nigeria to engage in international.......................>>>>

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